National Security and Strategic Studies
India’s Defence Budget 2023-24

Presenting the Union Budget 2023-24 before the Parliament on February 01, the Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman, allocated Rs 5.94 lakh crore—about US$72 billion—to the Ministry of Defence (MoD). While allocating the new budget for the MoD, th....

IAF’s Revised Doctrine 2022: An Overview

The Indian Air Force has very recently published the third iteration of its Doctrine, a document which forges the close connect between India’s national security and its air power. Few are probably aware that the IAF has also been elevated to the t....

China in the Cyber Domain

China is developing cyber capacities in pursuit of its economic, political and strategic objectives. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) of China differs considerably from its Western counterparts in its approach to cyber and network operations. It ....

Geopolitics of Cyber Attribution

Abstract
With the world witnessing a full-scale offensive as a part of the Russia-Ukraine conflict it now seems inevitable that all future conflicts will have a cyber component. As nations worldwide prepare to develop their capabilitie....

MoU Signed between VIF and DRDO

The Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) agreed to establish mutual cooperation with the objective to enhance understanding of the role of technology in strengthening national security of....

Terrorism and Extremism Trends in Bharat: Review of 2022 and Prognosis for 2023

उद्धरेदात्मनात्मानं नात्मानमवसादयेत् | आत्मैव ह्यात्मनो बन्धुरात्मैव रिपुरात्मन: || [Transla....

Climate Change: A Review of 2022 and Projections for 2023

Over the past year, the impact of climate change has escalated significantly. The threats emanating from this existential crisis are increasingly multifaceted and interlocking in nature and continue to test the capability of states and governments to....

Contemplating Deterrence by ‘Integrated Missile and Rocket Force’

“Sorry to keep you waiting. I’m here! Dongfeng Express at your service!” is what Peoples Liberation Army Rocket Force (PLARF) wrote in February 2019, in its first post on Sina Weibo, the Chinese Twitter. PLARF took the name “Dongfen....

Defence Procurement & Production: A Feel of Fresh Air as the New Year Dawns

Premise
A few days into the New Year and thinking of the year gone by, one gets a feel of ‘fresh air’ in the entire stance of the Ministry of Defence (MoD) and their attitude towards the entire gamut of defence procurement. A resurgent ....

New Trends in Terrorism

On 25 November 2022, the Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) organised a brainstorming session on the “New Trends in Terrorism”, focussing on the lessons learned from the 2008 Mumbai Terror attacks. Under the Chatham House Rules, ....

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