Indian Foreign Service (1979; Retired);
Former Deputy National Security Adviser and Secretary, National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS), (2014-17); Joint Secretary, NSCS on deputation from Ministry of External Affairs; 1999-2007. Dealt with a wide range of national security issues within the NSC structures. Had wide ranging interaction in official capacity with delegations of other countries.

Former Director General, Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis (IDSA), New Delhi (2012-14); Lal Bahadur Shastri Chair National Security, IDSA, 2008-2011. Conducted track 2 level interactions with think tanks of other countries. IDSA is entirely funded by the Ministry of Defence.
Served in Indian diplomatic missions in Moscow, London, and Ankara. Dealt with Afghanistan, Kashmir, Soviet Union, Russia, and Central Asia in the Ministry of External Affairs.

MSc (Physics), Delhi University (1974); Visiting Member Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (1974-76). M.Phil (1988) and PhD, School of International Studies JNU (1991);

Interested in problems of national and international security; foreign policy, issues of defence strategy; ancient Indian thought; nation building, science and technology etc.

Has written four books and co-edited several. His book How India Manages Its National Security was published by Penguin Random House in 2018.

Contributions 
Lack of Political Will at COP26 led to a Weak Outcome How should one assess the outcome of the much-hyped COP26? Even a cursory reading of the outcome document[1] adopted by COP26 shows how weak the result has been. The COP br...

The Situation in Pakistan: Pressure Building on the Imran Khan Government Imran Khan government is on a slippery slope. The trust between the government and the army has been dented on the curious case of the appointment of the new DG ISI. The two sides are no longer on the same ‘page’. This spells trouble for the gove...

COP 26 से आगे: जलवायु न्याय के महत्त्व को बहाल करने की आवश्यकता नवम्बर 2021 में ग्लासगो में जलवायु परिवर्तन कॉप26 (COP26) की बैठक से पहले कुछ कठिन सवाल उभर कर सामने आए ह...

How Will the Collapse of the Government in Afghanistan Affect Relations Between India and the United States? India has yet to come to terms with the Taliban takeover. The Taliban cabinet consists of UN-sanctioned individuals who have committed heinous terror attacks in the past. The Taliban are not independent, writes Arvind Gupta, Director of the New Delhi...

Ahead of COP 26: Need to Restore the Salience of Climate Justice Ahead of the climate change COP 26 meeting in Glasgow in November 2021, some difficult questions have emerged. Is the international community serious about tackling climate change? The chair designate of COP26, Alok Sharma, a British MP, in his le...

Book Published / Book Reviews 
Opportunities for India in a Changing World We are living in an era of extraordinarily fast paced change. The Covid-19 pandemic has turned the world upside down and deepened political, economic and social uncertainties. The post-World War order set up in 1945 by the Western countries is under ...

AATMANIRBHAR BHARAT: A Vibrant and Strong India Neither development without self-pride nor self-pride without development are desirable. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call for Aatmanirbhar Bharat or a self-reliant India on 12 May 2020 goes beyond mere economic self-reliance. ...

India’s Foreign Policy: Surviving in a Turbulent World Written by foreign policy experts, academics and practioners, this book develops the frameworks and strategies for India’s foreign policy that can be adopted to meet the emerging challenges and non-traditional threats in the new world order. It stu...

Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam - Relevance of India’s Ancient Thinking to Contemporary Strategic Reality The adoption of 21st June as International Day of Yoga by the United Nations General Assembly in 2014, in response to an India-led resolution with a record high number of co-sponsors, was a landmark event. In this backdrop, it is all the more importa...

Sreeram Chaulia, Trumped; Emerging power in a post-American world, 2019, Bloomsbury, New Delhi. Sreeram Chaulia’s thought-provoking book, Trumped; Emerging Powers in a Post-American World is likely to trigger a debate on the impact of the disruption in the global order brought out by Trump’s ‘America First’ policy. The author...

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