Contributions 
Digital Rupee and Use of Blockchain Technology Unleashing a New Revolution An Announcement that can Transform Indian Economy The Indian Finance Minister in her budget speech on 01 February 2022 made a small announcement at Paragraph 111 about introducing digital currency (Central Bank Digital Currency) using bl...

India 1952-1976 and 2014-2021: Two Periods of Political Stability- A Comparative Analysis People’s Mandates since Independence The first general elections of 1951 in independent India installed a single party-(Indian National Congress INC for short), majority government at the center as also in all the states. The trend cont...

दो नगरों की कहानी: ढाका मार्च 12, 1972 और काबुल 30 अगस्त 2021 पांच दशक और डेढ़ हजार मील की दूरी में विभाजित दो घटनाएं- जब से अमेरिका ने अफगानिस्तान से अपन...

An Assessment of International Coalition Forces Intervention in Afghanistan The Al Qaeda attack on the twin towers on 9 September 2001 turned America’s global war on terror into a crusade. The operation Enduring Freedom commenced in Afghanistan on 07 October 2001 followed by Desert Storm in Iraq (2003). Our focus in th...

A Tale of Two Cities: Dacca March 12, 1972 and Kabul August 30, 2021 Two Events Separated by Five Decades and One and half Thousands Miles Since the time the US decided to leave Afghanistan the media is full of its coverage and resultant reverberations across the world. Everyone agrees that it is too early...

Book Published / Book Reviews 
India's Strategies for Information War & Cyber Deterrence The concept of Information Warfare (IW) is as old as warfare itself but has gained in significance in recent times where we look at non-contact battles between two adversaries. This concept involves the use of information and communication technologi...

VIF Briefs 
Optimising Defense Expenditure … there is no place for wasteful expenditure. Indigenization must be the preferred option so that defense expenditure generates employment, helps in earning foreign exchange and sharpens our technology as also learning curve ......

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