An Electronics and Tele Communication Engineering graduate from B E College, Shibpur, M Tech from IIT, Kharagpur and Fellow of Institute of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers (IETE), Maj Gen P K Mallick, VSM is an alumni of Defence Services Staff College Wellington, College of Defence Management Secunderabad and National Defence College. Commissioned in Corps of Signals of Indian Army, the officer has varied experience in command, staff and instructional appointments. The officer has taken part in OP RAKSHAK (Punjab), OP RHINO and OP RAKSHAK in the Valley. The officer has been DAAQMG in HQ 19 Infantry Division, Col GS(System) HQ Eastern Command, Deputy Chief Signals Officer HQ Northern Command and Chief Signals Officer HQ 15 Corps, DACIDS (DIARA) at HQ IDS and Chief Signals Officer in HQ Central Command. He had a tenure of Instructor Class A and Officer Commanding Junior Wing in Military College of Telecommunication Engineering, Mhow. He has commanded a Divisional Signal Regiment in OP VIJAY and OP PARAKRAM in Western Command. A winner of COAS Gold Medal Essay Competition and second prize winner four times at USI Essay Competition the officer is a prolific writer, regularly contributes in defence related journals and has published large number papers. He has delivered talks and participated in panel discussions at USI, CLAWS, CAPS, NMF, CENJOWS, HQ ANC, Army War College, Military College of Telecommunication Engineering, Mhow, Intelligence School, Pune, Computer Society of India (Bangalore) and Institute of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers (Lucknow). The Officer was posted as SDS (Army) at NDC, New Delhi before retirement on April 2015.

Contributions 
Cyber Wargame - An Indian Scenario Introduction Immediately after the first gulf war in the early 1990’s the theories of Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) and Information Warfare were being studied all over the world as a new kind of warfare. During that time, a cours...

Pulwama and After At least 44 personnel of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) were killed and 70 injured when a Maruti Eeco car laden with explosives rammed into a CRPF bus—part of a massive convoy—in Awantipora town of Pulwama District in Jammu and Kashmir (...

Is Artificial Intelligence (AI) Changing the Nature of War? Introduction The professional military body differentiates between an objective nature and a subjective character of war by drawing upon Clausewitz. Nature of war describes what war is and character of war describes how it is actually fou...

Monographs/Compendiums 
Armenian-Azerbaijani Conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh: Geopolitical Implications The geostrategic sensitive region of region of Nagorno-Karabakh lies at an intersection of political, ethnic and religious borders of Iran, Turkey, Russia and Georgia. On September 27, 2020 the war broke out with Azerbaijan launching an offensive re...

Return of the Hashishin (Assassin) Cult?: Wider Implications of the Attack on Saudi Oil Facilities The attack on Saudi oil installations has large scale implications for the hydrocarbon supply to the world specially for countries like China, India and the Asian giants of Japan and South Korea. The Strait of Hormuz becomes critical for energy impor...

Rise of China, History, Technology, Policies: Implications for India Since opening up to foreign trade and investment and implementing free market reforms in 1979, China has become the world’s fastest-growing economy. China has transformed itself from a predominantly agricultural economy into a manufacturing powerho...

VIF Papers 
Deterrence Theory– Is it Applicable in Cyber Domain? … effective cyber deterrence policies require regular, sustained disruption of malicious cyber activity. Such disruption can be technical, legal, logistical, financial, diplomatic, and, in some extreme cases, kinetic. Increasing the scope, scale an...

Cyber Weapons – A Weapon of War? … cyber weapons will be used individually and blended simultaneously with conventional kinetic weapons as force multipliers … for both attacker and defender, it is difficult to predict; cyber weapons often achieve things other than their intended...

Water Security as Part of Non-Traditional Security: Threat - Implications for India … it would be important for the Indian government to assess how China could ‘weaponize’ its control over trans-boundary waters and potentially ‘choke’ the Indian economy … there are different opinions about the impact of the proposed dams...

China’s Cyber-Influence Operations … With its growing assertiveness in the international arena, China uses new technologies to achieve its foreign policy goals and project an image of responsible global power … spending billions on influence operations across the world ... fits i...

China’s Nuclear and Missile Capabilities : An Overview … creation of the theatre commands and the PLA’s emphasis on joint operations have catalysed the Rocket Force’s focus on jointness…. integrating Rocket Force units into dual-use missile systems and the possible collocation of conventional an...

Book Published / Book Reviews 
Lt Gen SRR Aiyengar, PVSM, AVSM, VSM (Retd), Social Media – A Study of Social Media and Its Impact on Contemporary War/Conflicts, Uday Publishing House, 2019, PP. 152, ISBN: 978-93-85991-85-1, INR- 699/- Development of Social Media (SM) is a relatively new phenomenon. Between 2004 and 2014, all 22 of the world’s biggest Social Media (SM) networks were developed and launched. The Facebook was the first to be started on February 4, 2004. Rapid global...

VIF Briefs 
Social Media in Violent Conflicts – Recent Examples … the very technology that is cause of the problem, can be used to correct it too .. Artificial Intelligence can help social media platforms spot lies, identify doctored videos and photographs and track the dissemination of falsehoods by domestic ...

Locust Invasion in India It has been a double whammy. As the nation is reeling under the effects of COVID-19 pandemic, India has to fight another menace: locust invasion. Massive swarms of desert locusts have devoured crops across seven states of western and central India in...

China’s Defence White Paper – An Analysis … Beijing’s latest Defence White Paper reads more as a report card on the status of PLA reforms than a strategic policy document. This White Paper identifies the United States as the single most precarious threat to China’s national security an...

5G, Huawei and India … 5G and Huawei is not a technical issue, it is a complex strategic issue. Huawei is already inside India’s backbone network. Its network equipment are part of India’s armed forces’ classified networks. But by banning Huawei India’s securit...

U.S. National Cyber Strategy and Department of Defence (DoD) Cyber Strategy: An Analysis … India’s national security establishments and the armed forces need to … take appropriate action wherever required to improve India’s posture in the cyber domain. Publishing a National Cyber Strategy and Cyber Strategy for the Ministry of De...

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