Presently he is a Distinguished Fellow at Vivekananda International Foundation. He was the Indian Ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Iran (2011-15). During his tenure, he led negotiations on Indian Participation in Chabahar Port. In the past, he has served as Indian Ambassador to the Czech Republic, Libya and India’s High Commissioner to Malta. He joined Indian Foreign Services in 1978. After retirement, he served as Senior Advisor to ONGC Videsh Ltd (2015-16). He also served as an Independent Director on the Board of GAIL (2017-20). He is currently on the Board of Directors of India Ports Global Ltd, the company under the Shipping Ministry charged with the development of Chabahar Port. He holds a post-graduate degree in Political Science.

Contributions 
ग्लासगो सम्मेलन और भारत का ऊर्जा संक्रमण संयुक्त राष्ट्र महासचिव एंटोनियो गुटेरेस ने संयुक्त राष्ट्र महासभा को संबोधित करते हुए जलवाय...

Glasgow Summit and the Way Forward for India Glasgow Conference outcome has been described by different stakeholders as disappointing. But their reasons differ. For climate enthusiasts, the agreement did not go far enough. For developing countries, this meant accepting more stringent emission s...

Glasgow Conference and India’s Energy Transition The UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in his speech to the UN General Assembly described the findings of the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as ‘Code Red for humanity’...

Taliban’s Victory: Implications for the Region The Taliban victory in Afghanistan in the 90s had displaced Rabbani government from Kabul. It was a slow process; they could not establish control over the North, which remained under the control of the Northern Alliance. This time they have achieved...

VIF Briefs 
Pakistan: Nuclear Deterrence and Ideology The nuclear age coincided with the advent of the Cold War. The concept of deterrence evolved in the background of ideological divide. However, both sides kept nuclear deterrence insulated from ideological considerations. This pragmatism was born out ...

Event Reports 
Release of ‘Forgotten Kashmir: The Other Side of the Line of Control’ by Shri Manoj Sinha, Lt. Governor of Union Territory of J&K Shri Manoj Sinha, Lt. Governor of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir released ‘Forgotten Kashmir: The Other Side of the Line of Kashmir’ in a virtual event on 18th March 2021. The book has been published by Harper Collins. Its author Ambass...

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